Dockerfile构建PHP,Nginx,Composer,lnmp环境

发布日期: 2019-12-15 11:56:56 作者: Stephen 评论: 2

之前在博文中有说过用docker搭建php环境,但那是用官方镜像,然后多个容器关联,开发起来其实很不方便,那么如何使用Dockerfile构建一个PHP环境呢,为方便移植,快速构建PHP环境,今天试着写了个Dockerfile,包含了php、nginx、composer、git基础环境。

在目录下创建 Dockerfilesupervisord.confnginx.confindex.php 几个文件,比如,我这里的工作目录是 /data/www/test1/

Dockerfile:

FROM php:7.2-fpm

MAINTAINER Stephen "mhzuhe@163.com"

RUN apt-get update && \
    apt-get install -y curl telnet git zlib1g-dev && \
    docker-php-ext-install zip pdo pdo_mysql opcache mysqli && \
    apt-get install -y nginx && \
    apt-get install -y supervisor && \
    php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');" && \
    php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer && \
    php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');" && \
    apt-get clean && rm -rf /var/cache/apt/*

COPY ./supervisord.conf /etc/supervisor/

EXPOSE 80

CMD ["/usr/bin/supervisord"]

守护进程,supervisord.conf

; supervisor config file

[unix_http_server]
file=/var/run/supervisor.sock   ; (the path to the socket file)
chmod=0700                       ; sockef file mode (default 0700)

[supervisord]
logfile=/var/log/supervisor/supervisord.log ; (main log file;default $CWD/supervisord.log)
pidfile=/var/run/supervisord.pid ; (supervisord pidfile;default supervisord.pid)
childlogdir=/var/log/supervisor            ; ('AUTO' child log dir, default $TEMP)

nodaemon=true

; the below section must remain in the config file for RPC
; (supervisorctl/web interface) to work, additional interfaces may be
; added by defining them in separate rpcinterface: sections
[rpcinterface:supervisor]
supervisor.rpcinterface_factory = supervisor.rpcinterface:make_main_rpcinterface

[supervisorctl]
serverurl=unix:///var/run/supervisor.sock ; use a unix:// URL  for a unix socket

; The [include] section can just contain the "files" setting.  This
; setting can list multiple files (separated by whitespace or
; newlines).  It can also contain wildcards.  The filenames are
; interpreted as relative to this file.  Included files *cannot*
; include files themselves.

[include]
files = /etc/supervisor/conf.d/*.conf

[program:php]
command=/usr/local/sbin/php-fpm --nodaemonize

[program:nginx]
command=/usr/sbin/nginx -g 'daemon off;'

[program:cron]
command=cron -f

nginx.conf

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;
        root   /var/www/html;
        index index.html index.htm index.php;

        location / {
            try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
        }

        error_page 404 /index.php;

        location ~ \.php$ {
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        location ~ /\.(?!well-known).* {
            deny all;
        }

    }

index.php

<?php

phpinfo();

构建镜像:

docker build -t web:1.0 .

需要稍等几分钟,出现以下信息表示构建成功:

Removing intermediate container 091fb0d704e9
 ---> aa08dab03d2b
Step 4/5 : EXPOSE 80
 ---> Running in 15b7b3767670
Removing intermediate container 15b7b3767670
 ---> d09007ef562a
Step 5/5 : CMD ["/usr/sbin/nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]
 ---> Running in e97fbd2058fc
Removing intermediate container e97fbd2058fc
 ---> e3a832bb7457
Successfully built e3a832bb7457
Successfully tagged web:1.0

最后,运行容器

docker run --name web -d -p 80:80 -v /data/www/test1/:/var/www/html -v /data/www/test1/nginx.conf:/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default web:1.0

浏览器打开 127.0.0.1:80 ,如果出现 phpinfo 的相关信息,表示环境构建成功

GitHub :https://github.com/mhzuhe/php-web.git

PHP环境搭建 我都是网上搜一个程序,懂技术就是好,自己想怎么玩就怎么玩
博主 6个月前
@ 九九数码远程解锁 我也是第一次写dockerfile,一个PHP环境都折腾了很久